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- Music Training and Mental
- Researchers at Utrecht University in the Netherlands studied
- effects of musical training on the ability of college students
- "hear" musical sounds without the actual presence of sound.
- skill is sometimes called audiation.
- The researchers used two groups of college students. One
- had about five years of instrumental music training. The
- group had no formal musical training. The students then
- performed two tests.
- In the first test, the students were given the lyrics to a
- song. Two words were highlighted. Without hearing the song,
- students had to decide if the first word was higher or lower
- than the second word. This test required the students to
- song in their mind and discriminate between the pitches of the
- The music students scored significantly higher on this test
- non-music students.
- In the second test, the students were given sets of three
- each card was listed an everyday sound. For example, one set
- three cards listed, "crying baby," "laughing baby," and
- cat." The students had to choose the sound that was most
- from the others. (In the above example, the most different
- "laughing baby." "Crying baby" and "meowing cat" are
- The music students also scored significantly higher on this
- which did not directly involve musical skills.
- Students with musical training may therefore have a
- capability to process all sounds, including speech.
- Source: "Music Training and Mental Imagery Ability." by
- A. Alemean, M.R. Nieuwenstein, K.B.e. Bocker, and
- E. H. F. de Haan. Published in Neuropsychologica,
Vol. 38 (2000), pp. 1664-1668.
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